These badlands are Kansas’ most dramatic Niobrara chalk formation. They provide unique and important habitat for many plants and wildlife. Native amphibians, reptiles and birds such as ferruginous hawks and cliff swallows live here. Long ago, this area was a great sea. In addition to the present-day wildlife, the remains of swimming and flying reptiles dating back 85 million years have been found here. Ancient giant clams and oysters are common fossils in these badlands. Visitors will be required to purchase a daily vehicle permit, currently $5, at the park or have an annual Kansas state parks vehicle pass. Hours are sunup to sundown daily, all year long. Two permanent hiking trails take you to multiple scenic overlooks at your own pace. The Overlook Trail extends one-quarter mile along a crushed rock surface to scenic viewpoint. Terrain: loose rock surface and gentle gradients. The Life on the Rocks Trail winds 1.5 miles along the rim of the rocks with multiple bends to provide a variety of views and two scenic overlooks. Terrain: crushed rock surface and gentle gradients for all abilities for the first 2/3 mile (3,500 feet) to the first overlook; natural surface trail with moderate slopes for the next 1/2 mile (2,766 feet) to the second overlook. Guided tours can be scheduled by calling 620-872-2061. Little Jerusalem is owned by The Nature Conservancy. TNC partnered with the Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks & Tourism to make portions of the area open to the public.