Museum is housed in a 1923 school building that served all 12 grades until 1952, when a separate high school was built. The Derby Historical Society maintains the museum. Tours available by appointment.
The museum houses thousands of historical artifacts, including a 1870 log cabin that was originally built near Oxford, Kan. and was moved from Friends University in Wichita to the Derby Historical Museum in 1995. Inside the cabin are antique items representing an actual cabin from that time period. The museum also houses the largest displayed collection of arrowheads in Kansas.
Exhibits at the museum include a school room that has a variety of historical school items including desks, slates, books and much more. A general store that has a collection of antique pharmaceutical items, scales, ladies' shoes and more; A cemetery record book from El Paso Cemetery with burials from 1878 to 1975; Derby High School yearbooks and photos from the early 20th century; An original two-horse covered wagon that traveled to the Derby area from North Carolina in the 1860s; A music room featuring a variety of organs and antique phonograph players, many of which came from original Derby families; A sewing room with items that include a 40,000 piece button collection; and an original safe from the old Farmer's and Merchants State Bank in Derby.