A women's march in December 1921 brought national attention to the coal mines of Southeast Kansas.

Coal was mined in the area as early as the 1860's and thousands of immigrants came from all over the world to work in these mines. The mix of nationalities created a blend of ethnic cultures unique to Kansas.

But deep shaft coal mines were deadly. Pay was low. Laws protected owners, not laborers. And strikes were frequent.


Amazon Army

During a strike in 1921, thousands of wives, daughters, mothers, sisters, and sweethearts marched in solidarity with their loved ones and closed area mines. Their three day protest made national headlines and they were dubbed "an Army of Amazons".

The women met on the site of what is now Miners Hall Museum in Franklin, Kansas. This museum has an exhibit honoring these women, and throughout 2021 several presentations have held here about the region's mining history.

This series ends on the 100th anniversary of the first day of the protests - December 12, 2021. Linda Knoll, a granddaughter of one of the protesters, will give a presentation at 2 p.m.

The following day, on December 13, 2021, this museum becomes a postal station from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. to officially post mark all outgoing mail and other items with an Amazon Army Centennial insignia. Bring your own envelope, purchase a standard postcard available from postal employee at the museum that day, or purchase commemorative Amazon Army postcards at the museum gift shop.

Miners Hall Museum is located at 701 South Broadway Street in Franklin, Kansas. The museum's regular hours are Monday through Saturday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.


Amazon Army