Founded in 1827, Fort Leavenworth, known as the “Post that opened the West”, is the oldest fort west of the Mississippi River in continuous operation. The Fort is one of the most beautiful, well-preserved forts in the U.S. that is still in operation and open to the public. It is also known as the “The Army University” and the “Best Hometown in the Army”. Fort Leavenworth is a national treasure with historic homes and buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Buildings. President Abraham Lincoln established the National Cemetery in 1862 on the Fort and is the final resting place to over 23,000 veterans. The Frontier Army museum tells the story from 1804 when Lewis and Clark passed through to present day. The Buffalo Soldier Monument was dedicated in 1992 by General Colin Powell. There is also a self-guided Wayside tour with 16 historic sites to visit, read and learn about.