Kansas Meteorite Museum
Haviland, KS 67059
Phone: (620) 723-2318
Located about a quarter of a mile from the original Haviland Meteorite Crater, between Haviland and Greensburg, it houses the largest display of Brenham Kansas meteorites in the world. Educational material about meteorites from around the world are on display. The history of the Brenham meteorites and life on the plains of Kansas from the late 1800s and early 1900s is also included.
The Brenham meteorites fell in prehistoric times. They were recognized by Native Americans as something quite extraordinary; pieces having been found in the Hopewell Culture burial mounds in the Little Miami valley, OH nearly 1000 miles away. However, it was the tireless efforts of pioneer woman Eliza Kimberly that led to them being confirmed by scientists to be meteorites in the late 1800s. They were named after the nearest town, which at that time was Brenham. Since that time, Eliza's 'moon rocks' have been sought after and collected. In 1933, Dr. Harvey Niniger obtained permission to dig at a 'buffalo wallow' site on the Kimberly farm that he thought was likely a meteorite crater. The work supported his theory and it is now recognized as one of only three meteorite craters int eh U.S. authenticated by the presence of meteorites, and the only one of the three created by a rare, stony-iron meteorite.
Brenham is a stony-iron, pallasite type meteorite, a mixture of crystalline metal with imbedded crystallized stone. The metal appears something like Swiss cheese, with holes filled with green, yellow, orange, and red iron magnesium silicate crystals. It is the rarest of the three general types of meteorites (stone, iron and stony-iron.)